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2016 рік - рік англійської мови. Матеріали вчителів англійської мови
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to present and practise words and expressions to describe diseases and their symptoms;
to practise speaking in the situation when you're ill.
The students read the poem and try to predict the topic of the lesson.
AFTER THE PARTY
Jonathan Blake Ate too much cake,
He isn't himself today;
He's tucked up in bed,
With a feverish head,
And doesn't much care to play.
Yes, Jonathan Blake Ate too much cake,
So he's not at his best today.
But there's no need for sorrow I'm sure he'll be out to play.
"The first wealth is health".
(R. W Emerson)
1 When do we think about our health?
2 When and how often do you call the doctor?
3When do we begin to take care of our health?
Teacher. We should think about our health before we get ill and take care of our health from the early age.
1.2. 3.4. 5. 6. 7.
The weather's fan windy and rainy this week and Kate has caught a cold.
I have a terrible headache.
Any thing that hurts or aches causes pain.
The pain in the knee was sharp, it ached to move.
"You have the flue / quinsy / bronchitis / pneumonia", said the doctor.
We often sneeze and cough when we catch a cold.
When we have a headache, a stomach-ache, a sore throat, a cold or a pain in some part of the body, we call the doctor.
THE DOG'S GOT TOOTHACHE
The dog's got toothache,
The cat's got flue,
The chicken's got chicken pox And 1 have too.
— I've got a cold toothache, cough chicken pox
— Poor you!
— You should get up
shouldn't go to bed , stay in bed go out
take some cough mixture go to the dentist scratch your sports.
V. Relaxation "Hallo, how are you?"
"What's wrong?" ,
"I feel I have nephritis, nettle-rash, neuralgia, neurasthenia and neurosis", (нефрит, кропивниця, гарячка, невралгія, неврастенія і невроз)
"Can a person have so many illnesses at once?"
"lean". , .
"Since when did you start feeling the symptoms of all these illnesses?"
"Since mother gave me the Medical Encyclopedia and I started working at letter N".
You're are quite right. I quite agree here. Certainly (not)! Of course (not)! 1 can't agree. I don't agree at all. I shouldn't say so.
1) I think people need the service of a doctor when they are well.
2) You should consult a dentist when you have a toothache.
3) Sick people never stay in bed when they are ill.
4) You should scratch your pots if you've got a chicken pox.
5) You have a sore throat when we have-quinsy.
6) A person doesn't feel any pain in the heart when he has a heart attack.
Listen and complete the dialogue.
Alex. You look awful! What's the__ (matter)?
Mark. I've got a terrible__ (pain) in my side.
Alex. Where exactly? Mark. Just here.
Alex. How long (have) you_____ (had) it?
Mark. Not long. It_ (started) last night.
A1 e x. I think you___ (should) see a doctor.
Mark. Well, maybe I'll go tomorrow.
Alex. I think you'd . (better) go now. It_ (might) be your appendix.
Complete the dialogue with a suitable word for each gap.
Doctor. Good morning! What's the matter?
Patient. Well, I've got a _ (sore) throat and my muscles _ (ache).
Doctor. Have you got a _ (temperature)?
Patient. Yes, about 38 _ (degrees).
Doctor, Let me have a, look at your throat. Mm, I'm sure you're got flu. Patient. I thought so. I feel really _ (weak / sick).
Doctor. Yes, you'll have to stay in _ (bed) for a couple of days and drink a lot of _ (liquids).
Patient. Thank you, doctor.
• why he / she looks seedy today;
• what his / her temperature is;
• if he/she's got cough;
• what his / her complaints are.
You are ill. Write down the symptoms of your illness.
to revise vocabulary related to health; to practise students’ listening skills.
Make up a list of 4 healthy things and 4 unhealthy things students usually do.
playing football eating crisps
INTRODUCING THE TOPIC
Find the names of the diseases in the box.
The student reads out his / her symptoms to the rest of the class. They're doctors and must take diagnosis.
1. What's wrong with you? What's the trouble? — (What's the matter with you?)
2.1 feel more dead than alive. — (I feel very bad.)
3. To feel as a fit or a fiddle? — (To feel well.) '
4. The doctor is all at the sea. — (The doctor doesn't know what was the matter with me.
5. To have a pain in the tooth / stomach. — (To have a toothache / stomach ache.)
6. Flu — (influenza)
7. I'm ill. - (I'm sick.)
1. Read and dramatize the dialogue.
Doctor. What do you complain of, my boy?
С h і 1 d. I have a bad / splitting headache and a sore throat. 1 feel sort of feverish.,
Doctor. Let me feel your pulse. Open your mouth, please. 1 see your tongue
is coated and your throat inflamed. Now strip to the waist, please. (The doctor
sounds the boy's lungs.) Take a deep breath. You should keep in bed for three days.
Here is the prescription. The medicine is to be taken three times a day before meals, two tablespoonfuls each time. Nothing serious, but don't get up before Wednesday, as there might be complications (bad after-effects.) 2. Make up your own dialogues.
Predict the last words of the man.
A Cure for a Headache
One day a man went into a chemist's shop and said, "Have you anything to cure a headache?"
The chemist took a bottle from the shelf, held it under the gentleman's nose and took out the cork. The smell was so strong that tears came into the man's eyes and ran down his cheeks.
"What did you do that for?" he said angrily, as soon as he could get back his breath. "But that medicine has cured your headache, hasn't it?" said the chemist.
(The last words. "You fool", said the man. "It's my wile that has the headache, not me!")
Listen to the conversation between a doctor and her patient and answer the questions. Then listen to the conversation again and fill in (he doctors notes to show what she told her patient to do and what not to do.
Doctor. Come in, sit down, Mr. Clough. Just a second... right then, what can I do for you? Is there anything the matter?
Barry Clough. Well, actually, doctor, yes, there is. The thing is, I keep getting these pains in my left arm —just here at the lop of my arm, and then the pain goes all the way down, you know?
Doctor. Right, hmm, and do you suffer from any oil in pains?
Barry Clough. No — oh, yes — wait a minute, yes I do sometimes get pains in my chest but not very often.
Doctor. And do you take very much exercise, Mr. Clinch?
Barry Clough. Not really, doctor. I walk to the railway station every-moming, inter or summer, no matter what the weather, to catch the train to work.
Doctor. And how far is it?
Barry Clough. About five or six minutes.
D о с t о r. I see. And do you take much other regular exnvisc1'
Barry Clough. I used to play tennis but 1 stopped playing, because of the pains. Also, I used to play football for the pub team, but they slopped playing in the local league so now I haven't played football for about two years.
Doctor. So now you have no regular exercises except for walking to the station?
Валу Clough. That's right.
D о с t о r. Do you smoke?
Barry Clough. Er...yes, about fifteen cigarettes a day and more at the weekends.
Doctor. All right, Mr. Clough. To begin with you should take more exercise, start going to the swimming pool or something like that.
Start walking at the weekends, an hour or little more. You ought to start to exercise your body more. The walking you do is not enough. Also, you should stop smoking unless you want to have a heart attack. Smoking causes heart disease. So many people are killed by it every year! And don't sit in front of the TV so much.
Валу Clough. Uh huh.
Doctor. The pains are caused because you're making your heart work too much because of no exercise, too much fat and smoking. Now, what about your diet? What do you eat? A lot of red meat perhaps?
Barry Clough. Yes and no really. I eat meat every day, mostly red meat I suppose, but I also vary my diet. For example, at work I often have cheese sandwiches.
Doctor. Lots of dairy products, eh?
Валу Clough. Yes.
Doctor. Fresh fruit and vegetables?
Barry Clough. Not very often. You see, 1 don't like them very much. I prefer to have my meat with potatoes rather than anything else and after lunch or dinner I never have fruit.
Doctor. Right, well, you had better start to include fruit and vegetables in your diet. If not, by the time you're 50, you will have ruined your body. And don't eat so many dairy products if you want to look after yourself.
Barry Clough. OK doctor! So with a few changes in my lifestyle I should be all right?
Doctor. You'll certainly look and feel better than you do now. Come back and see me in about three months and remember, no smoking.
1. Answer the questions.
1) What is Mr. Clough's main symptom?
2) How far is the station from Mr. Clough's house?
4) Which two sports did Mr. Clough use to play?What does Mr. Clough often eat at work?
5) When does Mr. Clough have to go back to the doctor's?
2. Fill in the doctor’s notes to show what she told her patients to do and what not to do.
Write down doctor's recommendation for Mr. Clough.
to revise students' vocabulary on the topic; to practise scanning for specific information; to develop listening for gist and details.
The teacher asks students what they do when they feel ill. Do they tell their
parents first? Do they go to the doctor? INTRODUCING THE TOPIC
I. Vocabulary 1. Word game.
2., In pairs, students take turns to ask the questions.
A. Have you ever had flu?
B. No, I don't think so.
Flu, broken arm or leg, a blood test, an operation, a tooth taken out, an X-ray, an eye test, a sore throat, a sprained ankle.
A Healthy Future
Jan Bloor takes a look at modem medicine.
1. Two hundred years ago, visiting the doctor was often a painful experience. For many illnesses, doctor used to "bleed" their patients. Leeches were*used — small animals which suck the blood. Doctors thought that illness was caused by "bad" blood. Before the discovery of penicillin in 1928, you could die if a cut became infected.
2. Nowadays, medicine is a fast-moving area of scienceATo make a diagnosis, a doctor can do many tests, perhaps with the help of modem technology such as computers and lasers.
NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) scan.
Powerful magnets scan the patient's body and build up a picture on a computer screen.
• CAT (computerized axial tomography) scan.
A computer takes X-ray photos of the body from many different angles, and then builds up a three-dimensional picture— much better than a normal X-ray.
Sound waves are passed through a part of the body and a computer image is constructed. This is a very safe test and is often used to look at unborn babies.
3. After a diagnosis, treatment is prescribed. It coujd be a simple antibiotic or something more complex.
Lasers. Lasers are used to cut parts of the body or to destroy dangerous cells. They can clear heart blockages or to delicate operations on eyes.
Microsurgery. Doctors use powerful microscopes to perform operations on very small parts of the body.
4. Who knows what the future holds? Perhaps a cure for cancer or AIDS or may be even the common cold is just around the comer.
1) Read the text and match these titles with the paragraphs. The Painful Past.
2) Answer the questions.
• Why did doctors use leeches?
• Why was the discovery of penicillin so important?
• Which technique uses sound waves?
• Why is a CAT scan better than a normal X-ray?
• Why is ultrasound especially suitable for looking at unborn babies?
"I don't like your heart action", doctor said, applying the stethoscope again. "You have some trouble with angina pectoris, haven't you?"
"You're right in a way, Doctor", said the young man. "Only that isn't her name".
1. The students will listen to three conversations with a doctor and complete the table.
1) Doctor. Good morning. What's the matter?
Patient. Well. I've got a terrible sore throat. And I've got a headache, too. And my muscles ache. I just haven't got any energy at all. I feel really weak.
Doctor. Let me have a look at your throat. Mmm, yes. Have you had a temperature?
Patient. Yes, I have. Last night it was thirty-nine.
Doctor. Well, I'll just take your temperature again. Mmm, you're right, you have got a temperature. I'm afraid you're got flu. There's a lot of it around at the moment. You'll
have to stay in bed for a couple of days and take aspirin. And you must drink lots of liquid, that's very important, lots of lemon or orange juice.
Patient. Thank you, doctor.
1) Doctor. Good morning.
Patient. Good morning, doctor. I've got a terrible pain in my ankle. I can't move it at all.
Doctor. Let me have a look. Oh, yes, it's very swollen. Does it hurt here?
Doctor. And does it hurt here?
Patient. No, well, a bit.
Doctor. Right. I don’t think there's anything broken, but I'm afraid you're got a sprained ankle. I'm going to give you some pills for the pain. Here's the prescription.
Patient. Thank you.
Doctor. And I'll put a tight bandage on it for now.
2) Doctor. Good morning, now what's the problem?
Patient. Well, I've got a pain in my stomach. I feel terrible and I've been sick for three times.
Doctor. When did it start?
Patient. Well, it started late last night.
Doctor. Let me examine you. Does it hurt here?
D о с t о r. I'm afraid you've got appendicitis. You'll have to go to a hospital for an operation immediately.
1. Students will listen to the first conversation and complete these sentences.
Work in pairs.
Students take turns to be the doctor and a patient. The patient explains some symptoms to the doctor. The doctor makes a diagnosis and recommends treatment.
Make up the dialogue "At the doctor's".